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This retrospective, observational study evaluated patterns of inpatient versus outpatient tumour lysis syndrome (TLS) monitoring during venetoclax ramp-up in 170 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. The primary outcome was clinical/biochemical TLS. Two clinical and four biochemical TLS occurred (4.1%). Five of the six events occurred in high-risk patients, four occurred at 20 mg dose and three at the 6-h time-point. Inpatient versus outpatient TLS rates within the high-risk subgroup were 15% and 8%. Risk category was the only predictor of TLS events in multivariate analysis. Outpatient escalation did not associate with clinically meaningful TLS events, suggesting outpatient escalation has manageable associated TLS risks, including in high-risk cohorts. These observations require confirmation in larger studies.

Original publication




Journal article


Br J Haematol

Publication Date





48 - 53


Venetoclax, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, dose ramp-up, tumour lysis syndrome, Humans, Antineoplastic Agents, Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell, Retrospective Studies, Tumor Lysis Syndrome, Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic