Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

SlowflowHD is a new ultrasound Doppler imaging technology that allows visualization of flow within small blood vessels. In this mode, a proprietary algorithm differentiates between low-speed flow and signals attributed to tissue motion so that microvessel vasculature can be examined. Our objectives were to describe the low-velocity Doppler mode principles, to assess the bone thermal index (TIb) safety parameter in obstetric ultrasound scans and to evaluate adherence to professional guidelines. To achieve the latter goals, we retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected ultrasound images and video clips from pregnancy ultrasound scans at >10 wk of gestation over 4 mo. We used a custom-built optical character recognition-based software to automatically identify all images and video clips using this technology and extract the TIb. Overall, a total of 185 ultrasound scans performed by three fetal medicine physicians were included, of which 60, 54 and 71 scans were first-, second- and third-trimester scans, respectively. The mean (highest recorded) TIb values were 0.32 (0.70), 0.23 (0.70) and 0.32 (0.60) in the first, second, and third trimesters, respectively. Thermal index values were within recommended values set by the World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine and British Medical Ultrasound Society in all scans.

Original publication




Journal article


Ultrasound Med Biol

Publication Date





1157 - 1162


Doppler ultrasound, Safety index, SlowflowHD, Superb Microvascular Imaging, Thermal index, Ultrasound safety, Female, Humans, Obstetrics, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Trimester, Third, Retrospective Studies, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Ultrasonography, Prenatal, United States