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In Cambodia, malaria cases are on a trajectory towards the goal of malaria elimination by 2025. Vivax malaria is difficult to eliminate because of hypnozoites that can cause relapse. Primaquine, an 8-aminoquinoline, clears hypnozoites but requires testing for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Routine primaquine treatment of vivax malaria has recently been implemented in Cambodia in which Village Malaria Workers (VMWs) diagnose vivax malaria by rapid diagnostic test and refer patients to health centres for G6PD testing and further treatment. Patients are referred back to the VMWs for monitoring adverse symptoms and treatment adherence. This article explores how VMWs' roles might be optimized for the community-based management of vivax malaria. With sufficient training and supervision, the role of VMWs might be expanded to include G6PD testing, making referral to the health centre superfluous. Community-based management of vivax malaria could increase the coverage of radical cure and accelerate vivax malaria elimination.

Original publication




Journal article


Lancet Reg Health Southeast Asia

Publication Date





Community and stakeholder engagement, Community health workers, Health system integration, Malaria, Village malaria workers, Vivax malaria management