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PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of a compression dressing (CD) on edema, ecchymosis, aesthetic outcome, pain, and ocular surface irritation after upper eyelid blepharoplasty. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study. Bilateral blepharoplasty was performed on both upper eyelids at the same time in patients with dermatochalasis. One side was randomized for CD. Edema and ecchymosis were scored at a 4-point rating scale by a blinded observer 1 day (D1), 1 week (D7), and 8 weeks (D56) after surgery; the same for scar formation regarding redness and bulging at D7 and D56. Aesthetic outcome was evaluated by the patient and blinded observer using the global aesthetic improvement score at D1, D7, and D56. Postoperative pain was scored by the patients using a visual analogue scale (0 to 10) at D1. At D1 patients had to state which side they felt more comfortable. RESULTS: Edema, scar formation and aesthetic outcome evaluated by the patient and blinded observer did not differ between the 2 sides on any of the survey days (p > 0.05). The median degree of ecchymosis was slightly higher on the lids without CD at D1 (1 [0-2] vs. 1.5 [0-2]; p = 0.495) and D7 (0 [0-2] vs. 0.5 [0-2]; p = 0.183), but not statistically significant. Postoperative pain was similar regardless to the use of CD (p = 0.925). The majority (55%) found the side without CD more comfortable. There was no case of corneal erosion and corneal staining was similar in both groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Using a CD after blepharoplasty shows no advantages regarding postoperative edema, ecchymosis, scar formation, or aesthetic results in the early postoperative period. As most patients preferred the noncovered side, CD can be omitted after blepharoplasty without inferiority for the postoperative results. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY: NCT06111170.

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Journal article


Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg

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