Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Adenosine is known to exert dual actions on the afferent arteriole, eliciting vasoconstriction, by activating A1 receptors, and vasodilation at higher concentrations, by activating lower-affinity A2 receptors. We could demonstrate both of these known adenosine responses in the in vitro perfused hydronephrotic rat kidney. Thus, 1.0 microM adenosine elicited a transient vasoconstriction blocked by 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX), and 10-30 microM adenosine reversed KCl-induced vasoconstriction. However, when we examined the effects of adenosine on pressure-induced afferent arteriolar vasoconstriction, we observed a third action. In this setting, a high-affinity adenosine vasodilatory response was observed at concentrations of 10-300 nM. This response was blocked by both 4-(2-[7-amino-2-(2-furyl)[1,2,4]triazolo[2,3-a][1,3, 5]triazin-5-yl-amino]ethyl)phenol (ZM-241385) and glibenclamide and was mimicked by 2-phenylaminoadenosine (CV-1808) (IC50 of 100 nM), implicating adenosine A2a receptors coupled to ATP-sensitive K channels (KATP). Like adenosine, 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA) elicited both glibenclamide-sensitive and glibenclamide-insensitive vasodilatory responses. The order of potency for the glibenclamide-sensitive component was NECA > adenosine = CV-1808. Our findings suggest that, in addition to the previously described adenosine A1 and low-affinity A2b receptors, the renal microvasculature is also capable of expressing high-affinity adenosine A2a receptors. This renal adenosine receptor elicits afferent arteriolar vasodilation at submicromolar adenosine levels by activating KATP.

Original publication




Journal article


Am J Physiol

Publication Date





F926 - F933


4-(3-Butoxy-4-methoxybenzyl)-2-imidazolidinone, Adenosine, Adenosine Triphosphate, Adenosine-5'-(N-ethylcarboxamide), Animals, Arterioles, Blood Pressure, Enzyme Inhibitors, Hydronephrosis, Kidney, Perfusion, Potassium Channels, Potassium Chloride, Rats, Receptor, Adenosine A2A, Receptors, Purinergic P1, Renal Artery, Renal Circulation, Triazines, Triazoles, Vasoconstriction, Vasodilation, Vasodilator Agents, Xanthines